What are cannabis terpenes?
Terpenes are the aroma of a cannabis plant. Think of it like the scent of a flower that can be extracted into an essential oil. Terpenes themselves have their own effects, benefits, chemical properties, and uses which can also affect the experience someone can have when consuming cannabis products. Cannabis terpenes naturally occur on the plant and are a method of protection against predators. To name a few of some of the most common terpenes, there is Myrcene, Limonene, Linalool, Caryophyllene, Pinene, and Bisabolol. There are also some less frequently talked about terpenes like: Eucalyptol, Trans-Nerolido, Humulene, Delta 3 Carene, Camphene, Borneol, Terpineol, Valencene, and Geraniol.
Every terpene has its own benefits. To further break things down, we can get into details about each specific terpene and their terpene effects as well as their benefits, and in which cannabis plants they are most commonly found.
Cannabis terpenes that can be found in cannabis and effects on health.
Terpenes are a type of organic compound that are found in a variety of plants, including cannabis plant. There are over 100 different types of terpenes that have been identified, each with their own unique aroma and health benefits. Some of the main terpenes that can be found in cannabis plant include: myrcene, limonene, alpha-pinene, beta-caryophyllene, and linalool. These terpenes have been shown to provide a variety of health benefits, including reducing inflammation, relieving pain, back pain,and reducing anxiety to promote better health.
Terpene in CBD
Yes, CBD does contain terpenes. Terpenes are aromatic compounds that are found in many plants, including cannabis. They are responsible for the plant‘s smell and flavor. CBD–rich strains of cannabis often have high levels of terpenes. While both cannabis terpenes and CBD terpenes offer a variety of benefits, there are some key differences between the two. For one, cannabis terpenes are in higher concentrations in marijuana, while CBD terpenes are in higher concentrations in hemp. This means that cannabis terpenes are more likely to produce psychoactive effects, while CBD terpenes are more likely to produce therapeutic effects. Additionally, cannabis terpenes are more likely to be in cannabis plants that are high in THC, while CBD terpenes are more likely to be in strains of hemp that are high in CBD.
Which cannabinoids are contain terpenes?
Cannabis contains more than 100 different chemical compounds, known as cannabinoids. The most well-known cannabinoid is THC, which is responsible for the plant’s psychoactive effects. CBD is another well-known cannabinoid, and while it does not produce a psychoactive effect, it is thought to have medicinal properties. There are also a number of other cannabinoids, including CBG, CBN, and THCV. Terpenes are a type of organic compound that is found in a wide variety of plants, including cannabis. Cannabis plants produce a range of different terpenes medically reviewed, which are responsible for the plant’s distinctive smell. Terpenes are also thought to have medicinal properties, and some doi research suggests that they may enhance the effects of cannabinoids. THC is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis. It is responsible for the plant’s intoxicating effects. Terpenes are aromatic compounds that are found in all plants, including cannabis. They are responsible for the plant’s distinctive smell and flavor. THC and terpenes work together to produce the plant’s unique effects. THC is more potent than terpenes, but terpenes are thought to modulate the effects of THC.
The most well-known terpene is Myrcene. Myrcene is known for it’s musky, earthy flavors similar to clove. Myrcene is a terpene that is found in several different types of plants, including Cannabis. This terpene has a musky, earthy and is also used in the production of essential oils. Myrcene is thought to have several benefits, including being a sedative, an anti–inflammatory, and an analgesic. This terpene is also being studied for its potential to help treat cancer. Some medicinal properties associated with Myrcene are: sedation, muscle relaxation, analgesic effects (reduction in pain like back pain), and reduced swelling. This terpene is also known for its influence on cannabinoids such as CBD and THC and increasing their effects. One of the strains this terpene can be found in is White Widow.
With a citrusy smell, Limonene offers a plethora of benefits such as: decreasing stomach acid, reduce anxiolytic effects, anti-depressant properties, helps in the absorption of other terpenes, and has shown some promise in preventing cancer and aiding in weight loss. If you mix Limonene, Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Cineol, and Octanol, the result will be a clear liquid that smells like mint.
Linanool is one of the floral terpenes which gives off a lavender aroma. It’s health benefits may be associated with anesthetics, reduce convulsants, analgesics, anxiety reduction, and may also restore cognitive and emotional function.
Caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found naturally in many plants and spices, including cloves, black pepper, and hops. It is also found in some essential oils, such as those of basil, oregano, and rosemary. Caryophyllene has a woody, spicy and is used in perfumery and as a flavor ingredient in foods and beverages. Caryophyllene is also known for its inflammatory reduction and analgesic properties, and is being studied for its potential to treat a variety of conditions, including cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and arthritis.
Pinene (Alpha and Beta):
The most recognizable scent of Pinene would be exactly what the terpene profile name entails, that being pine and fir. Unlike most other terpenes profiles, Pinene is a little different in its medicinal properties, aside from having anti-inflammatory and cancer prevention properties, Pinene acts as a bronchodilator and anti-bacterial. Some strains this terpene profile can be found in are Headband and Pink Kush.
Another floral terpene profile, Alpha-Bisobolol resembles scents of chamomile and candeia trees. This terpene is mainly used in the cosmetic side of the cannabis industry for treating miner topical bacterial infections and wounds, as well as being used as a topical antioxidant and analgesic. This terpene however, is found in strains such as Headband and Pink Kush as well.
Just as the name reveals, this terpene profile is responsible for the smell of eucalyptus. Some early research shows some hopeful effects on Alzheimer’s Disease. This terpene is most frequently found in strains like Super Silver Haze and Headband.
This terpene profile has plenty of benefits, and has very particularly pleasant aromas of rose, citrus, and apples. In terms of wellness aspects, this terpene is known for its anti-parasitic effects, antioxidant properties, inflammatory properties, its aid in cancer prevention, and its antimicrobial benefits. Strains that this terpene can be found in are Sweet Skunk, and Skywalker OG.
Similar to the terpene Caryophyllene, this terpene profile is full of woody, spicy, and earthy tones. It is known for appetite suppression, medicinal aspects like anti-proliferation (of cancer cells), inflammation reduction, pain relief, and anti-bacterial properties. White Widow, Headband, GSC, Sour Diesel, Pink Kush, and Skywalker OG are some strains this terpene profile can be found in.
Delta 3 Carene
Rosemary, basil, bell peppers, cedar, pine, and sweet undertones are the aromas of this terpene profile. Delta 3 Carene aids in healing broken bones, osteoporosis, arthritis, fibromyalgia, and memory stimulation by study trusted source.
Another earthy terpene, giving off a hint of dam woodlands, this terpene offers benefits both internally and topically, it acts as an antioxidant, aids in topical ailments like eczema, psoriasis when it is being used to on the affected area, and has shown evidence in lowering cholesterol and triglycerides. Cannabis strains such as Ghost OG, Strawberry Banana, and Mendocino Purps are a few of the strains containing this terpene.
This terpene has both a herbal and minty aroma and is a great natural insect repellent, there has also been a study which showed a reduction of breast cancer cells with it’s consumption. This terpene is found in Amnesia Haze and Golden Haze in small amounts.
A different type of floral terpene, this terpene profile gives off lilac and apple blossom aromas with a touch of citrus. It has been used as a relaxant, it is the terpene responsible for the ‘couch-lock’ effect, and it also has antibiotic and antioxidant properties. Girl Scout Cookies (GSC) and OG Kush contain Terpineol.
Sweet Valencia oranges is what this terpenes aroma gives off, it is used as an insect repellent when burned thus, preventing insect-born viruses. Strains with Valencene are Tangie, and Agent Orange.
The last of the top 15 terpenes, and one of the least heard of is Geraniol, which has scents of rose grass, peaches, and plums. It is aromatherapeutic, a neuroprotectant. Though it is not commonly heard of, it is found in commonly known strains such as Amnesia Haze, Afghani, Headband, Island Sweet Skunk, and Master Kush.
Which cannabinoids are contain terpenes?
Cannabis plant contains more than 100 different chemical compounds, chemical structure, known as cannabinoids. The most well–known cannabinoid is THC, which is responsible for the plant‘s psychoactive effects. CBD is another well–known cannabinoid, and while it does not produce a psychoactive effect, it is thought to have medicinal properties. There are also a number of other cannabinoids, including CBG, CBN, and THCV. Terpenes are a type of organic compound that is found in a wide variety of plants, including cannabis. Cannabis plants produce a range of different terpenes, which are responsible for the plant‘s distinctive smell. Terpenes are also thought to have medicinal properties, and some research suggests that they may enhance the effects of cannabinoids, article medically reviewed.
Terpenoids are a class of organic compounds that are produced by a wide variety of plants. They are the largest and most diverse group of natural products, and they play important roles in the flavor, fragrance, and color of many plants. Terpenoids are also known for their medicinal properties, and they are used in a variety of traditional medicines.
Indica Terpenes VS Sativa Terpenes
There are many different types of cannabis, each with their own unique set of terpenes. Indica and sativa are the two main types of cannabis plant, each with their own distinctive set of terpenes. Indica plants tend to have more myrcene, while cannabis sativa plos plants tend to have more limonene. These two terpenes have very different effects on the body and mind, which is why it is important to know which type of cannabis products you are consuming. Indica terpenes are known for their sedative effects, while sativa terpenes are known for their energizing and uplifting effects. When choosing a cannabis products, it is important to look at the terpene profile to see which type of effects you can expect.
Can terpenes be used medically?
Terpenes are a class of organic compounds that are produced by a variety of plants. They are the building blocks of essential oils, and have a wide range of uses in the cosmetics and food industries. Some terpenes are known to have medicinal properties, and there is growing interest in their potential use in the treatment of various medical conditions. There is currently limited scientific evidence to support the use of terpenes for medical purposes. However, some preliminary studies suggest that find certain terpenes may have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anticancer effects. In addition, terpenes are thought to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating pain, mood, and memory. Further research is needed to determine the safety and efficacy of using terpenes for medical purposes. However, the potential therapeutic benefits of these compounds warrant further investigation. These researches are hard to locate on Google or Leafly. You can read about medical use of terpenes at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov as a external resources crossref. Though none of this article is meant to be used as official medical advice, it is a great way to learn about each terpene and the aromas they give and even some of the reported benefits of each of the ones we consume.
Full List of Terpenes
Myrcene, Limonene, Alpha-Pinene, Linalool, Beta-Caryophyllene, Humulene, Beta-Pinene, Gamma-Terpinene, Alpha-Terpinene, Camphene, Beta-Myrcene, Delta-3-Carene, Alpha-Humulene, Nerolidol, Beta-Cedrene, Fenchol, Geraniol, Alpha-Bisabolol, Terpinolene, Borneol, Citronellol, Trans-Pinocarveol, Isobornyl Acetate, Caryophyllene Oxide, Beta-caryophyllene, Guaiol, Plucheol, D-Limonene, 3-Carene, 3-Octanol, Myrcenol, Carvacrol, Alpha-Terpineol, Thujopsene, Delta-Cadinene, Phellandrene, Alpha-Phellandrene, Sabinene, Carvone, Allo-Ocimene, Terpinen-4-ol, Ledene, P-Cymene, Terpinol-4-ol, Para-Cymene, A-Terpineol, Fenchone, Camphor, 3-Octanone, 2-Methyl-3-buten-2-ol, Alpha-Terpinol, Ocimene, Gamma-Terpinene, Delta-Limonene, 1,8-Cineole, Linalool Oxide, Borneol acetate, Geranyl Acetate, Alpha-Pinene Oxide, Beta-Pinene Oxide, Alpha-Terpinene Oxide, Terpinen-4-ol acetate, Delta-3-Carene oxide.
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